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Should our cognitive biases have moral weight?


In a classic piece of psychology, Kahneman and Tversky ask people what to do about a fatal disease that 600 people have caught. One group is asked whether they would administer a treatment that would definitely save 200 people’s lives or one with a 33% chance of saving 600 people. The other group is asked whether they would administer a treatment under which 400 people would definitely die or one...

Specialization is for insects


Specialization‘ is required today not because there is ‘more information’ because our educational and political systems create fragmented, narrow-minded, one-sided individuals incapable of becoming a living synthesis of human experience Most, if not all the greatest thinkers in history (example: Da Vinci, Copernicus, Zhang Heng, Avicenna, Biruni, Khwarizmi, al-Kindi, al-Haytham, etc) were...

The five stages of personal enlightenment:


The 5 stages of personal enlightenment:
1. Spectator (watches & observes)
2. Information absorber (starts to understand)
3. Thinker (starts to think deeply)
4. Creator (capable of creating content based on thinking motifs)
5. Philosopher (capable of abstract thought articulation)



“A really good book can change your life in the most positive manner. This is not something I believe I can save money on. Even when I was broke I spent a lot on books. I see it as an investment, not an expense.” “It’s really about identifying what good books are to you. Different books speak to different people.” “Even if you don’t remember all the lines or passages...

How to find out if someone is smart


But if I had to write down what it is that makes someone seem smart, I’d emphasize three things. First, do they know stuff? Ask them what they’ve been thinking about and probe them about it. Do they seem to understand it in detail? Can they explain it clearly? (Clear explanations are a sign of genuine understanding.) Do they know stuff about the subject that you don’t? Second, are they curious...

How to develop or kill any habit


Years ago, when software developer Brad Isaac was performing stand-up at open mic nights, he received his best advice ever from the already-famous comedian. Seinfeld explained his method for success: each January, he hangs a large year-at-a-glance calendar on his wall and, for every day he wrote new material, he had the exquisite pleasure that can only come from drawing a big red “X”...

On life


“It is not that we have a short time to live, but that we waste a lot of it. Life is long enough, and a sufficiently generous amount has been given to us for the highest achievements if it were all well invested. But when it is wasted in heedless luxury and spent on no good activity, we are forced at last by death’s final constraint to realize that it has passed away before we knew it was...

It’s China ( not America ) that runs the world.


Having more weaponry and invading countries is no longer a show of strength. Having half the world owing you money is. Having good relations with almost every world government is Having an indispensable role in the world economy is. Having a culture with a kickass work ethic is. Having a remarkably well-run government that is working for the best outcome for its citizens is Having over a billion...

I just did a Big Five Personality Test


I just did a Big Five Test at  and here are the rather amusing Results Extroversion |||||| 30% Orderliness |||||||||||| 42% Emotional Stability |||||||||||||||| 66% Accommodation |||||||||||| 50% Inquisitiveness |||||||||||||||| 64% The Big Five is currently the most accepted personality model in the scientific community. The Big Five emerged from the work of multiple independent...